Source: LIFE CHANGING MANTRA
OM DHYANAYE OM
DHYAN means FOCUS
Focus can have far reaching consequences in many areas of our lives. Being able to focus and resist distraction is also linked to our ability to control our impulses, emotions and achieve long-term goals.
Meditation is a popular technique for relaxation and stress relief that can significantly increase your ability to concentrate and focus. Focus is the ability to pay attention to one thing at the expense of all others, which can be very difficult in a society that emphasizes multitasking and success. Increasing your ability to focus can foster creativity, promote problem-solving skills and decrease the stress associated with handling more than one task at once.
Step 1: Pay attention to your breathing
When you’re meditating, the point is to focus on one thing and allow your other thoughts to pass by, according to Mayo Clinic. For someone who has difficulties paying attention to just one thing (which includes most of us), that can be daunting. An easy way to get started is to simply listen to your breathing.
Sit comfortably so you’re not distracted by physical pain, then close your eyes and listen to your breath.
Breathe in and out through your nose, but don’t otherwise try to control the rate or depth of your breath.
When thoughts try to crowd in on your meditation, let them fade as you refocus on listening to your breath. Feel how it flows down your throat. Feel your abdomen expand. Stay here as long as you can.
Step 2: Don’t move
Most people are fidgety. Sitting perfectly is still a pretty foreign practice, but it can help you focus by putting you in control of your physical body instead of being controlled by your comfort. Sit as comfortably as you can, but don’t worry about listening to your breath. Close your eyes, and try to not move a single muscle. You’ll find yourself bombarded by itches, hairs tickling your face and your joints protesting. Unless you’re experiencing pain above regular discomfort, don’t succumb to anything. The focus required to ignore your body and sit perfectly still will calm your mind and increase your ability to concentrate over time.
Step 3: Use a mantra
Once you get comfortable with sitting still and you can listen to your breathing for extended periods of time without difficulty, try to introduce a mantra. A mantra is simply a repeated syllable, word or phrase that helps you focus. During your meditation session, repeat your mantra over and over.
“Like many other mantras this one starts with the word “Om.” It is considered that Om is the the original sound, the sound of the Universe of which all sounds come from. We can see it as an equivalent to the white light, in which it can be found all the colors of the rainbow. In the Hindu tradition Om is word of solemn affirmation and respectful agreement.
The second part of the mantra, Shanti, means “Peace,” that simple. It is a beautiful meaning and also a beautiful sound. This is interpreted as peace in the body, speech and mind (our whole being) or as a desire for peace individually, collectively and universally.
“Om Shanti Om” it is one of the Vedic Mantra which has got religious and philosophical meaning. Om is believed to be a sound of the whole cosmic manifestation. And Shanti is the “Peace”. It means ‘Om Shanti’ means peace for the all human kind, peace for all living and non living beings, peace for the universe, peace for each and every things in this whole cosmic manifestation. Hindus not only pray for their group or for themselves, they pray for every one and every thing and that is what Vedas teach us to do.
- Oral (mouth) temperature above 100ºF (37.8ºC)
- Armpit temperature above 99ºF (37.2ºC)
- Ear temperature above 100.4ºF (38ºC) in rectal mode or 99.5ºF (37.5ºC) in oral mode
- Forehead temperature above 100.4ºF (38ºC)
- Rectal temperature above 100.4ºF (38ºC)
What is the best way to take my temperature? — Armpit, ear, and forehead temperatures are easier to measure than rectal or oral temperatures, but they are not as accurate.
Here is the right way to take an oral temperature:
- Wait at least 30 minutes after you eat or drink anything hot or cold.
- Wash the thermometer with cool water and soap. Then rinse it.
- Place the tip of the thermometer under your tongue toward the back. Hold the thermometer with your lips, not your teeth.
- Keep your lips closed around the thermometer. A glass thermometer takes about 3 minutes to work. Most digital thermometers take less than 1 minute.
The height of the temperature is less important than how sick you feel. If you think you have a fever and you feel sick, your doctor or nurse might want you to double-check by getting an oral or rectal temperature.
What causes fever? — The most common cause of fever in adults is infection. Common infections that can cause fever include:
- A cold or the flu
- An airway infection, such as bronchitis
- A stomach bug
Most of these infections are not serious and get better on their own.
When should I see a doctor or nurse? — Call your doctor or nurse if you get a fever and you:
- Are pregnant
- Recently got back from a trip to Africa, Asia, or Latin America
- Just got out of the hospital, or had surgery or another medical procedure
- Get infections often
- Are on chemotherapy – Call your doctor or nurse if your oral temperature goes above 100ºF (37.8ºC) for more than 1 hour. Also call if it goes above 101ºF (38.3ºC) even just 1 time.
You should also call if you have:
- Fever that lasts several days or keeps coming back
- A recent bite from an insect called a tick – Infections you can catch from tick bites can cause fever and other symptoms.
- A serious health condition, such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer, lupus, or sickle cell anemia
- Fever plus 1 or more of these symptoms:
- Trouble breathing
- Severe headache or neck pain
- Seizure or confusion
- Severe vomiting or diarrhea
- Severe pain in the belly, back, or sides
- Any other symptom that is unusual or worries you
Will I need tests? — Maybe. Your doctor or nurse will do an exam and talk with you about your symptoms. You might also have the following tests:
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Chest X-ray or CT scan – These imaging tests create pictures of the inside of the body.
Your doctor or nurse will talk to you about any other tests you might need.
Can I do anything on my own to feel better? — Yes. You can stay home, rest, and drink plenty of fluids. You can also take acetaminophen (sample brand name: Tylenol) to relieve fever.
How are fevers treated? — That depends on the cause. Many people do not need treatment. If you do, treatments can include:
- Antibiotics to fight the infection. But antibiotics only work on infections caused by bacteria, not infections caused by viruses. For example, antibiotics will NOT work on a cold.
- Medicines, such as acetaminophen (sample brand name: Tylenol) or ibuprofen (sample brand names: Advil, Motrin). These medicines can help bring down a fever. But they are not always necessary.
What causes coughs, runny noses, and other symptoms of the common cold? — These symptoms are usually caused by a viral infection. Lots of viruses can take hold inside your nose, mouth, throat, or lungs, and cause cold symptoms.
Most people get over a cold without lasting problems. Even so, having a cold can be uncomfortable. And if your child has a cold, it is hard to know when the symptoms call for a trip to the doctor.
What are the symptoms of the common cold? — The symptoms include:
- Sniffling and runny nose
- Sore throat
- Chest congestion
In children, the common cold can also cause a fever. But adults do not usually get a fever when they have a cold.
How can I tell if I have a cold or the flu? — The common cold and the flu both cause many of the same symptoms. But they also have some important differences.
|Fever||Rare||Usual; high (100°F to 102°F; occasionally higher, especially in young children); lasts 3 to 4 days|
|General aches, pains||Slight||Usual; often severe|
|Fatigue, weakness||Sometimes||Usual; can last up to 2 to 3 weeks|
|Extreme exhaustion||Never||Usual; at the beginning of the illness|
|Chest discomfort, cough||Mild to moderate; hacking cough||Common; can become severe|
Pain/fever reliever (eg, ibuprofen/Motrin®), naproxen/Aleve®, acetaminophen/Tylenol®
|Antiviral medicines – see your doctor
Pain/fever reliever (eg, ibuprofen/Motrin®), naproxen/Aleve®, acetaminophen/Tylenol®
|Prevention||Wash your hands often
Avoid close contact with anyone with a cold
|Annual vaccination; antiviral medicine – see your doctor
Wash your hands often
Avoid close contact with anyone who has the flu
Middle ear infection
|Bronchitis, pneumonia; can be life threatening|
When should I call the doctor or nurse? — Most people who have a cold do not need to see the doctor or nurse. But you should call your doctor or nurse if you have:
- A fever of more than 100.4º F (38º C) that comes with shaking chills, loss of appetite, or trouble breathing
- A fever and also have lung disease, such as emphysema
- A cough that lasts longer than 10 days
- Chest pain when you cough, trouble breathing, or coughing up blood
If you are older than 75, you should also call your doctor or nurse any time you get a long-lasting cough.
Take your child to the emergency room if he or she:
- Becomes confused or stops responding to you
- Has trouble breathing or has to work hard to breathe
Call your child’s doctor or nurse if he or she:
- Refuses to drink anything for a long time
- Is younger than 3 months
- Has a fever and is not acting like him- or herself
- Has a stuffed or runny nose that gets worse or does not get better after 2 weeks
- Has red eyes or yellow goop coming out of his or her eyes
- Has ear pain, pulls at his or her ears, or shows other signs of having an ear infection
What can I do to feel better? — If you are an adult, you can try cough and cold medicines that you can get without a prescription. These medicines might help with your symptoms. But they won’t cure your cold, or help you to feel better faster.
If you decide to try nonprescription cold medicines, be sure to follow the directions on the label. Do not combine two or more medicines that have acetaminophen in them. If you take too much acetaminophen, the drug can damage your liver. Also, if you have a heart condition, or you take prescription medicines, ask your pharmacist if it is safe to take the cold medicine you have in mind.
What should I know if my child has a cold? — In children, the common cold is often more severe than it is in adults. It also lasts longer. Plus, children often get a fever during the first three days of a cold.
Are cough and cold medicines safe for children? — If your child is younger than 6, you should NOT give him or her any cold medicines. These medicines are not safe for young children. Even if your child is older than 6, cough and cold medicines are unlikely to help.
NEVER give aspirin to any child younger than 18 years old. In children, aspirin can cause a life-threatening condition called Reye syndrome. When giving your child acetaminophen or other nonprescription medicines, never give more than the recommended dose.
How long will I be sick? — Colds usually last 3 to 7 days, but some people have symptoms for up to 2 weeks.
Can the common cold lead to more serious problems? — In very few cases, yes. In some people having a cold can lead to:
- Pneumonia or bronchitis (infections of the lungs)
- Ear infections (in children)
- Other infections
How can I keep from getting another cold? — The most important thing you can do is to wash your hands often with soap and water. Alcohol hand rubs work well, too. The germs that cause the common cold can live on tables, door handles, and other surfaces for at least two hours. You never know when you might be touching germs. That’s why it’s so important to clean your hands often.
Anyone who’s ever experienced a fitful night of sleep knows that “just relax” is easier said than done. But do-it-yourself meditation practices may help you prepare for rest, and put worries or discomfort behind you.
These techniques work best when done right before bed, in a quiet, calming environment.
“If you can keep your stress levels under control during the day, you’ll sleep better at night,”. “You can even do them at your desk or on the train.”
Breathing from the abdomen and putting your attention on those breaths can help you relax both during the day and in bed at night. Some people may enjoy lying in a dimly lit room, closing their eyes or listening to soft music while focusing on their out breaths.
While sitting or lying in bed, try placing your hands on your belly. “When you breathe in and breathe out, your hands may gently move. Focusing on this movement gets your mind off of your busy thoughts and onto your body. You can distract yourself and bring yourself to a different place.
Some people imagine a calm scene to help them wind down at the end of the day. There are no rules about what you should imagine, so long as it’s calming. Although clouds, the ocean and mountains are common choices, you can focus on something as general or as specific as you want.
Pick a place that feels safe, and, using your imagination, invite any or all of your senses to explore it. “The brain doesn’t always know the difference between pretend and real,”. “If you watch a scary movie, your adrenaline might go up, just as if you imagine eating something vividly enough, you might start to salivate.”
Guided imagery can be done alone or with a specialist, such as a sleep doctor, cognitive-behavioral therapist, or hypnotherapist, or by using a tape or CD–but even when prompted by an instructor, the patient should still be the guide. “They need to imagine someplace comfortable and peaceful,” “I don’t know where they need to go; the ocean may seem peaceful for one person, but traumatic for another.”
Focusing on different aspects of your life before bed can help you earn your rest, if you’re able to let those thoughts go. “You need to look at one thing at a time, which slows things down,” says Walsleben. “Focus on an issue in your life, then let it go. The major learning experience here is letting go.”
While lying in bed, start by gazing upward. “A little eye strain relaxes you,”. Take an abdominal breath and hold it, and on the out breath, let everything relax. Repeat one or two times. You might then try imagining yourself walking down a flight of stairs or a gentle hill while counting down from 10 or 20, each number signifying your movement to a lower step, exhaling with each imaginary step.
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Male Sexual Dysfunction: Massaging the penis with this oil improves blood circulation, stimulates the muscles and dilates the blood vessels resulting in enhanced sexual functions.
Improves Skin tone
Great for Hair health: Apply daily on scalp to stimulate hair follicles. It can help you make your hair softer, shinier and more luxurious.
Helps with cough/congestion if applied on neck and chest during cold
Excellent stress reliever. It has a stimulating effect on the mind and removes mental exhaustion and fatigue.
How to use it?
Apply thoroughly on the pain affected area, mainly joints and muscles, and rub till you feel that the grittiness has gone. You may see the dark brown/black herbal particles even after the massage, which can be easily wiped of. You can also choose to leave them there for prolonged skin reconditioning. Apply 1-2 times daily depending upon your symptoms.
Comes in Easy-To-Carry bottle
Quantity: 2.5 oz
- Always test a small amount of essential oil first for sensitivity or allergic reaction.
- Shake well before use
- Not for oral ingestion. Only to be applied on skin.
The vibration produced by chanting Om in the physical universe corresponds to the original vibration that first arose at the time of creation. The sound of Om sustains life. Om also represents the four states of the Supreme Being. The three sounds in Om (AUM) represent the waking, dream and deep sleep states and the silence which surrounds Om represents the “Bliss” state.
Because the first of the three states of consciousness is the waking state, it is represented by the sound “A” pronounced like “A” in America. Because the dream state of consciousness lies between the waking and the deep sleep states, it is represented by the letter “U” which lies between the “A” and “M”. This “U” is pronounced like the “U” in would. The last state of consciousness is the deep sleep state and is represented by “M” pronounced as in “sum.” This closes the pronunciation of Om just as deep sleep is the final stage of the mind at rest. Whenever Om is recited in succession there is an inevitable period of silence between two successive Oms. This silence represents the “fourth state” which is the state of perfect bliss when the individual self recognizes his identity with the supreme.
What is Dementia? What Causes Dementia? Symptoms of Dementia
The word dementia comes from the Latinde meaning “apart” and mens from the genitive mentis meaning “mind”. Dementia is the progressive deterioration in cognitive function – the ability to process thought (intelligence).
Progressive means the symptoms will gradually get worse. The deterioration is more than might be expected from normal aging and is due to damage or disease. Damage could be due to a stroke, while an example of a disease might be Alzheimer’s.
Dementia is a set of signs and symptoms
Dementia is a non-specific syndrome in which affected areas of brain function may be affected, such as memory, language, problem solving and attention. Dementia, unlike Alzheimer’s, is not a disease in itself. When dementia appears the higher mental functions of the patient are involved initially. Eventually, in the later stages, the person may not know what day of the week, month or year it is, he may not know where he is, and might not be able to identify the people around him.
Dementia is significantly more common among elderly people. However, it can affect adults of any age.
What are the symptoms of dementia?
- Memory loss – the patient may forget his way back home from the shops. He may forget names and places. He may find it hard to remember what happened earlier on during the day.
- Moodiness – the patient may become more and more moody as parts of the brain that control emotion become damaged. Moods may also be affected by fear and anxiety – the patient is frightened about what is happening to him.
- Communicative difficulties – the affected person finds it harder to talk read and/or write.
As the dementia progresses, the patient’s ability to carry out everyday tasks diminishes and he may not be able to look after himself.
Diseases that cause dementia
- Alzheimer’s disease – This is by far the most common cause of dementia. The chemistry and structure of the brain of a person withAlzheimer’s disease changes and his brain cells die prematurely.
- Stroke (Vascular problems) – this means problems with blood vessels (veins and arteries). Our brain needs a good supply of oxygen-rich blood. If this supply is undermined in any way our brain cells could die – causing symptoms of vascular dementia. Symptoms may appear suddenly, or gradually. A major stroke will cause symptoms to appear suddenly while a series of mini strokes will not.
- Dementia with Lewy bodies – spherical structures develop inside nerve cells. Brain cells are nerve cells; they form part of our nervous system. These spherical structures in the brain damage brain tissue. The patient’s memory, concentration and ability to speak are affected. Dementia with Lewy bodies is sometimes mistaken for Parkinson’s diseasebecause the symptoms are fairly similar.
- Fronto-temporal dementia – this includes Pick’s disease. The front part of the brain is damaged. The patient’s behavior and personality are affected first, later his memory changes.
- Other diseases – progressive supranuclear palsy, Korsakoff’s syndrome, Binswanger’s disease, HIV and AIDS, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Dementia is also more common among patients who suffer from Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Motor Neurone disease and Multiple Sclerosis. People who suffer from AIDS sometimes go on to develop cognitive impairment.
There are two main categories of dementia
According to most experts, there are two main categories of dementia – cortical and subcortical dementias.
- Cortical Dementia – The cerebral cortex is affected. This is the outer layer of the brain. The cerebral cortex is vital for cognitive processes, such as language and memory. Alzheimer’s disease is a form of cortical dementia, as is CJD (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease).
- Subcortical Dementia – A part of the brain beneath the cortex (deeper inside) becomes affected or damaged. Language and memory are not usually affected. A patient with subcortical dementia will usually experience changes in his personality, his thinking may slow down, and his attention span may be shortened. Dementias which sometimes result from Parkinson’s disease are subcortical dementias, as are those caused by AIDS and Huntington’s disease.
A patient with multi-infarct dementia will have both the cortical and subcortical parts of the brain affected or damaged.
Diagnosis of dementia
Although there are some brief tests, a more reliable diagnosis needs to be carried out by a specialist, such as a geriatric internist, geriatric psychiatrist, neurologist, neuropsychologist or geropsychologist.
The following tests are commonly used:
- AMTS (Abbreviated Mental Test Score) A score lower than six out of ten suggests a need for further evaluation.
- MMSE (Mini Mental State Examination) A score lower than twenty-four out of thirty suggests a need for further evaluation)
- 3MS (Modified Mini-Mental State Examination)
- CASI (Cognitive Abilities Screening Instrument)
It is important that the patient’s score is interpreted in context with his socio-economic, educational and cultural background. The tester must also factor in the patient’s present physical and mental state – does the patient suffer from depression, is he in great pain?
Poor physical performance in the very elderly – researchers from the University of California found that people aged at least 90 years who had poor physical performance tend to have a much higher risk of either having or soon developing dementia. They reported their findings in Archives of Neurology, October 2012 issue. They assessed a sample of over-90s for walking, standing up from a chair, standing and controlling balance, and gripping something.
What is the treatment for dementia?
In the majority of cases dementia is incurable. Researchers are making inroads into treatments that may slow down dementia’s progress. Cholinestaerase inhibitors are frequently administered during the early stages. Cognitive and behavioral therapies may also be useful. Several studies have found that music therapy helps patients with dementia. It is important to remember that the patient’s caregiver also needs training and emotional support.
In the USA, Tacrine (Cognex), donepezil (Aricept), galantamine (Razadyne), and rivastigmine (Exelon) have been approved for the treatment of dementia caused by Alzheimer’s disease – some physicians prescribe these drugs for vascular dementia as well. Selegiline, which is used for treating Parkinson’s disease, has been found to slow down the progress of dementia.
In Canada, a country where two languages are spoken, English and French, researchers found that bilingual people who develop dementia do so four years later than monolingual people who develop dementia. The four year difference prevails even after factoring for such variables as cultural differences, education, employment, gender and immigration.
Anti-psychotics – health authorities around the world are becoming concerned about the over-prescribing of anti-psychotic medications for patients with dementia. UK health authorities reported in October 2012 that reducing the usage of anti-psychotics has been much more difficult than originally estimated. In the United Kingdom, up to 1,800 people with dementia die each year due to this type of medication.
Common drugs may treat dementia one day – drugs that are used to treat skin conditions, high blood pressure and diabetes could eventually be used one day for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Researchers from King’s College London reported in the journal Nature Reviews Drug Discovery (issue October 2012):
- Calcium channel inhibitors, such as Nilvadipine, used for the treatment of hypertension, may considerably reduce the risk of dementia.
- Diabetes medications, exenatide and liraglutide, activate the brain and inhibit the formation of plaques.
- The psoriasis drug, acitretin may alter the way proteins connect to dementia structure, the researchers believe.
- There may also be benefits from minoclycline, a tetracycline antibiotic that is used for the treatment of acne.
How can I help my loved one with dementia?
There are many things you can do to help your loved one be safe at home. For example, get rid of throw rugs, and put handrails in bathrooms to help prevent falls. Post reminder notes around the house. Put a list of important phone numbers by the telephone. You also can help your loved one stay active. Play cards or board games, and take walks.
Work with your loved one to make decisions about the future before dementia gets worse. It is important to write a living will and a durable power of attorney. A living will states the types of medical care your loved one wants. A durable power of attorney lets your loved one pick someone to be the health care agent. This person makes care decisions after your loved one cannot.
Watching a loved one slip away can be sad and scary. Caring for someone with dementia can leave you feeling drained. Be sure to take care of yourself and to give yourself breaks. Ask family members to share the load, or get other help.
Your loved one will need more and more care as dementia gets worse. In time, he or she may need help to eat, get dressed, or use the bathroom. You may be able to give this care at home, or you may want to think about using a nursing home. A nursing home can give this kind of care 24 hours a day. The time may come when a nursing home is the best choice.
You are not alone. Many people have loved ones with dementia. Ask your doctor about local support groups, or search the Internet for online support groups, such as the Alzheimer’s Association. Help is available.
Om Namah Shivaya (Panchakshara Mantra, five syllables) is a most potent and popular mantra, which is at the heart of the Vedas and Tantra, and is widely used in this and other variations in the Himalayan tradition, as well as by others. While there are other descriptions of the mantra, the following focuses on meanings for mantra meditation leading to Self-Realization.
OM/AUM: The three parts of Om (A-U-M) encompass the three states of waking, dreaming, deep sleep, the three levels of gross, subtle, causal, and the three levels of conscious, unconscious, subconscious, as well as the three universal processes of coming, being, and going. Absolute silence beyond the three levels is the silence after AUM. It also refers to Tripura, the one who live in the “three cities” as in Mahamrityunjaya Mantra, as well as the light referred to in Gayatri Mantra.
Namah/Namaha: Adoration, homage, respect. Nothing is mine (as an individual person); everything is thine (as the Absolute Reality). The three levels of Om, the three worlds of gross, subtle, and causal, along with the three states of waking, dreaming, and deep sleep states of consciousness, as well as the three levels of conscious, unconscious, and subconscious themselves are “not mine” as the true properties of who I really am. Truly, “nothing is mine.” Rather, everything, all of these triads is “thine” or the “other” as the Absolute Reality.
Shivaya/Shiva: That Absolute Reality that is the ground out of which the others emerge. It is that “ink,” so to speak, that is not separate from the many forms which may appear to manifest or be created from that ink. In the Realization of this, one comes to see that he or she is one and the same with the Absolute Reality. The Mahavakyas, the great utterances, are seen to be true. Shiva (the static or ground) and Shakti (the active or creative) are seen to be one and the same. She (Shakti), while one with Shiva is realized in direct experience as the one in the three worlds (Tripura) outlined in Om.